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Community-based coastal resource management (CBCRM)
This Page contains documented efforts at understanding, delimiting, and/or defining the term "Community-based coastal resource management" (CBCRM). A list of Sources used in preparing this page is available.
As other CBNRM terms, this term is difficult to define, as CBCRM involve such a along process, so many disciplines and studies, and may go in any direction depending on the community involved. This Page contains further aspects of the nature of CBCRM as found in quotes from representative publications. See also Page Community-based natural resource management.
- Community-based coastal Resource Management (CBCRM) is a process of involving local communities in managing the coastal resources upon which they depend. As more and more users of resources are directly included in management decisions and the scale of responsibility becomes local, the "ownership" of responsibility increases and the compliance to rules increases. Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).
- CBCRM is a movement to address the problems through more local control of resource management. As CBCRM becomes more sophisticated, it addresses the issues of coastal communities in a more holistic way. CBCRM is a conscious effort for the "community" to have control. Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).
- A perspective of sustainable livelihoods rather than a more restricted "alternative livelihoods" approach encompasses social, cultural and political dimensions impacting peoples' well-being in addition to those which are considered economic and environmental. If people are to take responsibility for management, the benefits have to be obvious, real, equitable and not result in unacceptable trade-offs. A holistic assessment is essential. Most of the degraded ecosystems can be recovered. Control of use and abuse will bring back the productive potential of the coastal zone, and coastal communities, with care and concern, can improve their well-being and that of their children. Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).
- Community-based coastal resource management (CBCRM), is a comprehensive strategy that seeks to address the multi-faceted issues affecting the coastal environment through the active and meaningful participation of coastal communities. More importantly, it seeks to address the core issue of open-access, with all its inefficient and iniquitous consequences, by strengthening the community's access and control over their resources. Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).
- Underlying the term "community-based" is the principle that primary resource users should also be the rightful managers of their resources.... Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).
- CBCRM is also a process through which coastal communities are empowered politically and economically so that they can assert and gain rightful access and management control over their coastal resources. Sources: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (1998).