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This Category contains information about projects and programs. Projects and programs are understood as planned activities that address and aim to support and/or change local-level subsistence activities or other practices in the area of local natural resource management. There is an emphasis on presenting good practice. For information on the coverage of the regions used see Category Regions.
When nothing else is stated all information represented, including factual information as well as evaluative information, are taken from project web sites and other documentation. For information on World Bank project documents, contact the World Bank's InfoShop, at: email@example.com and www.worldbank.org/infoshop.
The Category consists of the following Items:
- The SANREM CRSP (Sustainable Agriculture & and Natural Resource Management. Collaborative Research Support Program). Description: The SANREM program supports informed decision-making for sustainable use of natural resources through research, training and information exchange. A multidisciplinary, multinational team of scientist works with local people to tailor research to meet community needs. Research focuses not only on understanding the complex biological processes within an individual ecosystem but also on the human dimensions. Partners/Implementors: Research funded by USAID and administered by the Office of International Agriculture, University of Georgia, USA. Dates: 1992-. Contact: ?. Email: Carlos Perez, at: CPerez@uga.edu. URL: www.sanrem.uga.edu/default.cfm. Comments: SANREM has a combination of regional and global projects. The regional projects focus on the needs of local decision-makers in sites where the causes of non-sustainability are representative of the region. URLs: Southeast Asia, Andes, and West Africa.
- Benin - Natural resources management (PGRN). Description: ?. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Contact: ?. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?.
- Burkina Faso - National natural ecosystem management. Description: Phase One is expected to have significant impact on biodiversity trends and set the stage for long-term improvement of protected area management. Its 5-year Project Development Objective and Global Objectives are combined: to reverse biodiversity trends in priority protected areas. Partners/Implementors: Ministry of Environment and Hydraulic (Dir. Eaux et Forets), World Bank. Dates: 2002-2007. Contact: Bobodo B. Sawadogo (Dir. Eaux et Forets), Jean-Michel G. Pavy (World Bank. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: www.worldbank.org/pics/gef/bfge52400.txt. Download: PID.
- Burkina Faso - Environmental management (GEPRENAF). Description: ?. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Contact: ?. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?.
- Cote d'Ivoire - Land management and rural infrastructure (PNGTER). Description: ?. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Contact: ?. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?.
- Malawi - Lake Malawi ecosystem management (LMEMP). Description: The Development Objective is to contribute to the country's efforts to improve the economic livelihood of stakeholder communities living along the lakeshore and in the catchment of the Lake. The Global Objective is to bring about joint management and monitoring of the shared drainage basin for conservation and sustainable use of the Lake's globally significant biodiversity. Partners/Implementors: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs, District Assemblies, NGOs, University of Malawi, World Bank. Dates: 2003- . Contact: Alex Bulirani (Min. of Natl. Resources), Francisco J. Pichon (World Bank). Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?. Download: PID.
- Mali - Natural resources management (PGRN). Description: ?. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Contact: ?. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?.
- Mali - Arid rangeland biodiversity conservation. Description: The project's overall objective is the conservation (and regeneration) of biodiversity through sound management of natural resources within the Burkina Faso and Malian Gourma. Secondary objectives: (1) improve conservation to restore the natural habitat and wildlife, (2) manage efficiently natural resources in the hinterland, and (3) support and reinforce local and national institutional capacity. Partners/Implementors: AFVP, DNCN, PGRN, World Bank. Dates: 2002-?. Contact: Nomba Ganame (AFVP), Namory Traore (DNCN), Hamid Ag (PGRN), Jean-Michel G. Pavy (World Bank). Email: email@example.com (N. Ganame), firstname.lastname@example.org (N. Traore), email@example.com (H. Ag), firstname.lastname@example.org (J.-P. Pavy). URL: www.worldbank.org/pics/gef/mlge52402.txt. Download: PID.
- Namibia - Community based natural resource management (CBNRM). Description: A partnership that started in the early 1990s of local communities, public sector, and national and international NGOs, to develop economically viable, environmentally friendly management systems for threatened ecosystems. USAID joined in 1992. Partners/Implementors: Namibian Association of CBNRM Support Organizations (NACSO), Government of the Republic of Namibia, DFID, Sida, USAID. Dates: early 1990s - . Contact: Patricia Skyer (NACSO), USAID-Namibia. Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. Evaluation: ?. Comments: The USAID document that can be downloaded includes brief notes on the beginning of a focus on CBNRM in Namibia. The project is presented in CBNRM Net Newsletter no. 23 (December 2003), including a story in section 'Tools' and a document listed in section 'Literature'. Download: Overview of USAID's CBNRM program in Namibia.
- Namibia - Wildlife integration for sustainable diversification (WILD). Description: Aims to generate and share information and policy recommendations with communities to enable them to integrate wildlife use with other land uses in ways most likely to improve sustainable rural livelihoods. Partners/Implementors: Directorate of Environmental Affairs, Dept. of International Development (DFID). Dates: September 2000 - September 2003. Email: email@example.com. URL: www.dea.met.gov.na/.
- Niger - Natural resources management (PGRN). Description: The project's long-term goal is to slow down, stop, and ultimately reverse the current trend of natural resource degradation to secure sustainable agricultural production and growth, alleviate poverty, and improve the living conditions of Niger's rural communities. Partners/Implementors: Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, World Bank. Dates: 1996-2002. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. URLs: www.worldbank.org/pics/pid/ne1967.txt, www.worldbank.org/pics/sar/14009. Evaluation: See the two "Findings". Comments: The two "Findings" that can be downloaded are short Good Practice Infobriefs. Download: PID, SAR, abstract, Findings, no. 76, May 2002 (English), Findings, numéro 76, Mai 2002 (français).
- Niger - Community action program. Description: Assist the Government of Niger to establish and operationalize decentralized, participatory, and transparent financing mechanisms that empower poor communities to take charge of their own development, with the support of their local governments. Partners/Implementors: Ministry of Finance and Economy, World Bank. Dates: 2003 -. Contact: M. Najim (Directeur, DDRL), Daniel M. Sellen (World Bank). Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.worldbank.org/pics/pid/p065991.txt. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?. Download: PID.
- Senegal - Community-based natural resources (CBNRMP). Description: Goal - to increase private sector incomes derived from the exploitation of natural resources, consistent with decentralized, sustainable natural resources management. Sub-goal - to increase soil productivity. Purpose - to increase local community participation in the identification, planning, use and conservation of natural resources. Partners/Implementors: The Government of Senegal, USAID (No. 685-0305-A-4211-00), South-East Consortium for International Development (SECID). Implementing agencies: Senegalese Ministry of Environment and Protection of Nature (MEPN), SECID, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), Winrock International. Dates: October 1994 - October 2001. Email: email@example.com. Evaluation: The Community-Based Natural Resources Management Project (CBNRM) in Senegal was led by Virginia Tech, with SECID as the prime contractor. This project was viewed as a cutting edge natural resource management project that served as a model for effective decentralized and participatory NRM strategies for countries throughout the region. CBNRM sought to increase community participation at the Communauté Rurale (CR or Rural Community) level and lower in the identification, planning, use, and conservation of natural resources, with emphasis being placed on reinforcing existing political, research, extension and non-governmental institutions in order to transfer needed NRM technologies to target populations, including women, in rural areas through participatory means. CBNRM worked in some 20 dispersed CRs around the country. The SECID/VT leadership, locally-elected representatives formed Natural Resource Management Committee to develop and implement community-based Land Use Management Plans (LUMPs). The committees were composed of community leaders representing farmer, livestock, artisanal, parent associations, women, youth, NGOs and local economic interests. Committee members were provided with extensive training in NRM planning, leadership and communication, and financial management. Comments:: The text of the above evaluation is taken from one of the two URLs listed above. URLs: http://www1.telecomplus.sn/pgcrn/Cbnr_eg2.htm, www.oird.vt.edu/projects/past/cbnrm.htm.
- West Africa: Pilot pastoral perimeter program (WAPPP or PPPP). Description: ?. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Contact: ?. Evaluation: ?. Comments: ?.
- Zimbabwe - SAFIRE's CBNRM-IS strategy. Description: SAFIRE's Information strategy (SAFIRE-IS) seeks to contribute to sustainable CBNRM strategies through effective documentation and dissemination of lessons learnt from SAFIRE's CBNRM activities and its partners. Activities involve the establishment of a resource center and activities to document and disseminate information through the production of publications such as newsletters, training manuals, technical bulletins and hosting workshops. The project has the SAFIRE's operational areas and programmes as its basis for documentation, particularly for sourcing information. The partners in CBNRM both within and outside SAFIRE's operational areas, with a special attention to local communities, constitute the target group for the project. CBNRM-IS is run as part of the activities under the 5-year strategic plan. Partners/Implementors: HIVOS. Implementing agencies: Southern Alliance for Indigenous Resources (SAFIRE). Dates: June 2000 - ?. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: www.safireweb.org. Comments: The project is listed in CBNRM Net Newsletter no. 20 (February 2003). A report on CBNRM-IS can be downloaded. Download: ?.
- General - Sustainable agriculture and natural resource management, Collaborative research support program (SANREM CRSP). Description: SANREM-West Africa is supporting natural resource decision-makers at multiple scales with appropriate data, tools and methods for analysis and capacity building to make decisions concerning conflict and natural resource management problems associated with the agricultural and pastoral systems of West Africa. The project offers an integrated package of objectives designed to further our knowledge of Sahelian landscape/lifescape dynamics and to apply that knowledge in assisting local and national scale decision-makers to improve their management of the natural resource base. Partners/Implementors: Coordinated by Office of International Research & Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University. USA. Dates: ?. Comments: There is a special focus on Mali.
- General - Marena research project. Description: Has sought to enhance the productive capacity of the renewable natural resource sector in post-conflict countries, on an economically, institutionally and environmentally sustainable basis. Partners/Implementors: University of Sussex, UK; Forum for Social Studies, Ethiopia; Centro de Experimentacao Florestal, Mozambique; and University of Cambridge, UK. Funding provided by Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom. Contact: Richard Black. Dates: ?. Email: email@example.com. URL: http://www.geog.susx.ac.uk/research/development/marena/.
Download Working Papers: No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 6, No. 7.
Download Ethiopia Briefings: No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 6, No. 7, No. 8, No. 9, No. 10, No. 11, No. 12, No. 13, No. 14, No. 15, No. 16, No. 17, No. 18.
Download Mozambique Briefings: No. 1,
No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 6, No. 7, No. 8, No. 9, No. 10.
Comments: All Briefings and Working Papers are available on the CBNRM Net web site in PDF format. The project is presented in CBNRM Net Newsletter no. 18 (June 2002), in section 'Projects' (general presentation), and in section 'Literature' (list of titles of all documents) (see Category Newsletters). For the Workshop Reports see the project web site.
East Asia and the Pacific
- General - Sustainable agriculture and natural resource management, Collaborative research support program (SANREM CRSP). Description: The goal of the SANREM-Southeast Asia project is to assist in the creation and successful application of decision-support tools for natural resource management and planning at both a community and a watershed scale. By 'decision-support tools' is meant materials, including research findings and simulation models, that enable the formulation and answering of questions that link economic and social development goals with the long-term viability of the environmental and natural resource base. The primary project location is in Bukidnon province, the Philippines. Partners/Implementors: SANREM, USAID. Dates: ?. Email: Gladys Buenavista, at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments: For information about the May 2001 Annual Conference, go to Category Conferences, seminars and workshops. URL: www.aae.wisc.edu/sanrem-sea/.
- Indonesia - BSP-Kemala. Description: Supports Indonesian NGOs for CBNRM. KEMALA is a component. Partners/Implementors: KEMALA is a component of USAID/Indonesia's Natural Resource Management Program. It is implemented by the Biodiversity Support Program, which is a consortium of World Wildlife Fund, The Nature Conservancy and World Resources Institute. Dates: ?. Email: email@example.com. Comments: KEMALA consists of a number of projects in different locations throughout Indonesia, including one in north Sulawesi (see above). URL: www.bsp-kemala.or.id.
- Indonesia - BSP-Kemala, Community-based natural resource management in North Sulawesi. Description: Try to improve the bargaining position of the local people to gain recognition from local government, to manage their own resources. Strategic objectives: develop the ability of local people to set the advocacy agenda on CBNRM, and develop a CBNRM model that can be promoted at other locations. Partners/Implementors: BSP-Kemala (see above) and Forum Petaupan Katouan (FPK). Dates: Commenced 1997. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments: Covers the biomes coastal and marine ecosystems & tropical and subtropical broadleaf forests. URL: www.bsp-kemala.or.id/partner/fpk.htm.
- Indonesian foundation for strengthening community participation, initiative and partnership (YAPPIKA). Description: Yappika's mission is to strengthen civil society organizations, among others as regards campaigning for democratic civil society through upholding of human rights, and facilitate the social and economic transformation to achieve community justice, self-reliance and equity. Partners/Implementors: ?. Dates: ?. Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments: A total of 13 projects, focusing on conservation, land rehabilitation, participatory mapping, organic farming, traditional medicinal plants, community training. URL: yappika.org/programs.html#cbnrm.
- Philippines: Community-Based Natural Resource Management. Description: The Community-based Resources Management Project seeks to reduce rural poverty and environmental degradation through support for locally generated and implemented natural resource management projects. The project consists of four components: (1) subloans for local government units (LGUs) subprojects will support investments in upland agriculture, community forestry, coastal resources and nearshore fisheries, and small scale rural infrastructure; (2) Municipal Development Fund (MDF) rural window initiative and project management will support the overall project management and the appraisal of subprojects; (3) planning and implementation support for LGUs will provide training in preparing development plans, and will manage procurement and financial matters, and (4) environmental technology transfer and policy management will: (a) support DENR (Department of Environment and Natural Resources) in site verification, training, and conducting studies on tenurial instruments; (b) support the production and packaging of technology, verification of technology, and preparation of environment reports; and (c) finance the technical services for coastal and aquatic resources. Partners/Implementors: Govt. of Philippines, World Bank. Dates: March 1998 - June 2004. Contact: Gilbert A. Braganza. Email: email@example.com.
- Solomon Islands: North New Georgia sustainable social forestry and rural development. Description: This is a unique and highly successful venture in community forestry located in Solomon Islands. The project is based on strong local leadership and community initiative supplied by an indigenous church, the Christian Fellowship Church, and also technical support delivered by the University of Queensland (UQ). Arrangements for this partnership were brokered by an NGO, the Rural Development Trust Board (RDTB). Project activities commenced in 1999 with the construction of a tree nursery near the village of Duvaha, in the Western Province. The nursery has produced seedlings of eucalyptus, acacia, gmelina and teak. Outplantings currently total around 1000 ha with trees achieving between 8-15m in growth. These successes have been achieved despite severe disruptions brought about by a central government coup in 2000 and the consequent severing of the relationship for technical support with UQ. With limited stability slowly returning to broader Solomon Islands, the technical partnership has been re-established with a view to expanding nursery output such that excess seedlings can soon be sold in the cash economy. Partners/Implementors: University of Queensland (UQ), Rural Development Trust Board (RDTB), Australia. Dates: ?. Emails: Abigail Makin (UQ) - firstname.lastname@example.org, Greg Young (RDTB) - email@example.com.
Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East
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Latin America and the Caribbean
- Caribbean: Coastal and marine management program (CaMMP). Description: CaMMP works with fishers, resource managers, government officials, local groups and NGOs to improve food security and livelihoods for coastal communities in the Caribbean by improving the governance of fisheries and increasing public participation in planning and policy development. Partners/Implementors: Caribbean Conservation Association (CCA). Dates: 2001 onwards. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments: See story in CBNRM Net Newsletter no. 16 (January 2002). URL: www.caribbeanconservation.org. Download: Brochure. See 'Caribbean Coastal Co-management Guidelines Project' below.
- Caribbean: Coastal co-management guidelines. Description: Aims for people, especially the poor, to have effective, successful partnerships with government for sustainable livelihoods via well-managed coastal resources. The study looks at the natural resource and human interaction aspects of co-management. Participatory investigations of conditions that favor, or do not favor, the co-management of coastal resources at selected sites will be used to build guidelines for developing successful co-management in the Caribbean. Adoption of the guidelines is promoted by continuous interaction with potential beneficiaries, and communication of outputs to a wide audience. Partners/Implementors: Coastal and Marine Management Program (CaMMP) of the Caribbean Conservation Association (CCA), Marine Resources Assessment Group Ltd. of the UK, Natural Resources Management Program (NMP) of the University of the West Indies in Barbados. Dates: Closed 30 June 2003. Email: email@example.com. Comments: See story on CaMMP in CBNRM Net Newsletter no. 16 (January 2002). URL: www.ccanet.net. Download: Information Update (15 July 2002), Information Update (25 September 2002), Information Update (26 November 2002), Information Update (6 January 2003), Information Update (26 January 2003), Information Update (3 March 2003).
- China, India, Nepal and Pakistan: People and resource dynamics of mountain watershed in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas (PARDYP) - Phase II. Description: The goal is to "contribute to balanced, sustainable, and equitable development of mountain communities and families in the HKH region". It is located in China, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The components are: community institutions, inequity and gender, economic potentials, water resources, common resources, on-farm resources, implementation and management, and activities. Partners/Implementors: ICIMOD, IDRC, Swiss Government. Dates: PARDYP I started in 1996, with Phase II commencing in 1999. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments: The head office is located in Katmandu, Nepal. There is no dedicated process-oriented project website. URL: www.icimod.org.sg/projects/pardyp/pardyp2.htm#Goal.
- Bangladesh - Fourth fisheries. Description: The project aims at supporting sustainable growth in, and equitably distribute the benefits from, increased fisheries production, both for domestic consumption, and, exports. The improvement of livelihoods will alleviate poverty, with additional indirect benefits in health and nutrition. The project components call for, among others: (1) community-based inland open-water fisheries management, which will include civil works and equipment supply for pilot fish passes/aquatic sanctuaries, water regulatory structures, and, fish habitat restoration; (2) development and management of coastal shrimp aquaculture, supported by the necessary civil works and equipment, for the completion of the Third Fisheries project's polders, and development of new polders. Besides consulting studies and monitoring, training will also be provided; (3) supply of equipment, transportation, and, studies for freshwater aquaculture extension and training; (4) support to management, and assessment of ecosystems' sustainability, and, that of exotic species; and, (5) institutional support, to include training, civil works, and/or equipment as needed. Partners/Implementors: Dept. of Fisheries, World Bank. Dates: ?. Email: email@example.com. URL: www4.worldbank.org/sprojects/Project.asp?pid=P009468.